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Course List

Structural Geology

  • Course Code :
    GEO 301
  • Level :
    Undergraduate
  • Course Hours :
    2.00 Hours
  • Department :
    Department of Petroleum Engineering

Instructor information :

Area of Study :

This course examines the fundamental concepts of deformation of the lithosphere. Due to the mobile nature of the Earth’s lithosphere, rocks are invariably deformed, showing evidence of the effects of large stresses at all scales, from submicroscopic to regional. A long geologic history on Earth has resulted in many regions showing the cumulative effects of multiple deformation events. It is therefore important to be able to distinguish different geologic structures, describe them fully, understand how they formed, and place them in the context of a broader geologic history. There are few aspects of geology that are not directly impacted by the effects of deformation. This course will provide you with a framework to integrate an understanding of structural geology into all aspects of geologic study.

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Structural Geology

For further information :

Structural Geology

Course outcomes:

a. Knowledge and Understanding:

1- Measure the orientation of planar and linear structures with a Brunton compass.
2- Identify the probable type of stress that created a structure.

b. Intellectual Skills:

1- Recognize different types of "tops-up" indicators.
2- Recognize different types of faults and folds.

c. Professional and Practical Skills:

1- Determine sense-of-shear of some rocks.
2- Construct geologic cross-sections.

d. General and Transferable Skills:

1- Solve 3-point problems to determine subsurface strike and dip.
2- Use stereonets to determine structural information.

For further information :

Structural Geology

Course topics and contents:

Topic No. of hours Lecture Tutorial/Practical
Introduction to structural geology 2 Introduction
Stress,Strain and Rheology 6 Explaining the structural geology techniques Discussion os assignments and weekly work sheets
Brittle deformation 4 As above mentioned As above mentioned
Ductile deformation 4 As above mentioned As above mentioned
faults 6 As above mentioned As above mentioned
Subsurface mapping 2 As above mentioned As above mentioned
Kinematic analysis 2 As above mentioned As above mentioned
Structures in Petroleum exploration 2 As above mentioned As above mentioned

For further information :

Structural Geology

Teaching And Learning Methodologies:

Teaching and learning methods
Weekly oral lectures using white board
Power Point presentations using data show
Displaying animated short videos

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Structural Geology

Course Assessment :

Methods of assessment Relative weight % Week No. Assess What

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Structural Geology

Books:

Book Author Publisher
Fundamentals of Structural Geology David D. Pollard Cambridge

Course notes :

PDF files available direct after lectures

Recommended books :

1) Park, R. G., Foundations of Structural Geology, 2nd Edition. Blackie, USA: Chapman and Hall, New York, 148 p, 1989. 2) Hatcher, R. D., Structural Geology, Principles, Concepts and Problems. Merill Publishing Company, Columbus, 1995, 525p. 3) Hatcher, R. D., and Hopper, R. J., Laboratory Manual for Structural Geology. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1990, 217p. 4) Hobbs, Means, and Williams, An Outline of Structural Geology, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1976. 5) Marshak, S. and Mitra, G., Basic Methods of Structural Geology, Prentice Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1988. 6) Suppe, J., The Principles of Structural Geology, Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey, 1985. 7) Ragan, D. M., Structural Geology, An Introduction to Geometric Techniques, Third Edition, John Wiley and Sons. 8) Ramsay, J. G., Folding and Fracturing of Rocks, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, 1967, 568p. 9) Ramsay J. G., and Huber, M. I., The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, Volume 1: Strain Analysis, Academic Press, New York, 1983. 10) Ramsay J. G., and Huber, M. I., The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology, Volume 2: Folds and Fractures, Academic Press, New York, 1983. 11) Means, W.D., Stress and Strain, Basic Concepts of Continuum Mechanics for Geologists, Springer Verlag, New York, 1976.

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