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Egypt

Ahmed Ahmed

Basic information

Name : Ahmed Ahmed
Title: Associate Professor
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Personal Info: *Born 1956 Cairo, * B. Sc. Agriculture Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University 1978 * Finance & Investment Administration Diploma, Sadat Academy for Management Sciences, May 1985. * Public Administration Diploma, Sadat Academy for Management Sciences, May 1986. *Doctorate of philosophy in Economic Sciences March 1990, Hungarian Academy of Economics “ Multinational Corporations Power, Role & Future in The Arab Republic of Egypt“ View More...

Education

Certificate Major University Year
PhD الفلسقة فى الاقتصاد Hungearian Committee of Scientific Qualification 1990
Bachelor 1978

Teaching Experience

Name of Organization Position From Date To Date
شركة شيلد للتجارة الدولية 01/01/1996 14/12/2011

Researches /Publications

Small and medium enterprises as a driving force for the Egyptian Economic Growth - 01/0

Ahmed Abdel Razak Ahmed Salama

01/01/2013

ABSTRACT The main objective of this study is to investigate the impact of expanding SME sector on the economic growth using time series data from Egypt for the period (1980-2009). This study aims to fill the gap in the literature by providing the first empirical study with time series data from Egypt to investigate the relationship between SMEs expansion an economic growth The study proves a positive relationship between SMEs expansion and economic growth, suggesting that the Egyptian government should focus in boosting that sector.

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N/A - 01/0

Ahmed Abdel Razak Ahmed Salama

01/01/2012

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Nile Basin Initiative: Challenges and Effectiveness in Sustainable Agricultural Development (A SWOT Analysis Approach) - 01/0

Ahmed Abdel Razak Ahmed Salama

01/01/2012

Abstract: Nile River is the main source of water for the Nile basin countries. The provided water does not satisfy the enormous demand of water in the region. It is expected that at least six out of the ten countries that share the Nile water will face water stress in the early 21st century. Nile water for the downstream countries like Egypt and Sudan is considered to be of a vital national priority. Sustainable agriculture as a way of raising food that is healthy for consumers and animals, that does not harm the environment, is humane for workers, respects animals, provides a fair wage to the farmer, and supports and enhances rural communities has become of a vital need to the Nile basin countries. Moreover, the stochastic nature of water supply and dynamic nature of water demand imply an allocation model with certain characteristics to maintain the sustainable development of the basin countries in order to maximize the overall welfare. Thus, the need for Pareto-optimal model is a prerequisite as the unidirectional of the river, is often considered as a source of tension and conflict between countries that is difficult to solve. Our goal in this paper is to arrive at the Pareto-optimal allocation model that maximizes the welfare of Egypt and Ethiopia without causing any significant harm to any of them. The Model that will be developed in this paper following the same methodology of D. Marc Kilgour and Ariel Dinar which is based on the idea of utilizing the water of the river by transferring it between countries within the river basin. To state differently, it allows the downstream countries that are in need for water to get it from an upstream country by compensating that country for less water available for usage, trying to balance the growing demand of water in the Nile region for the sustainable agricultural development , which would lead to food security raising the economic welfare for the basin countries.

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Nile water sharing Ethiopia (north and south) of Sudan and Egypt - 01/0

Ahmed Abdel Razak Ahmed Salama

01/01/2012

Abstract The Nile River is considered the main source of water for the Nile basin countries. The water provided by the Nile does not satisfy the enormous demand of water in the region. In the early of the 21st century, it is expected that at least six out of the ten countries that share the Nile water will face water stress. Nile water for countries like Egypt and Sudan is considered a vital national priority. Moreover, the stochastic nature of water supply and dynamic nature of water demand imply an allocation model with certain characteristics in order to maximize the overall welfare. Thus, the need for Pareto-optimal model is a prerequisite as the unidirectional of the river, is often considered as a source of tension and conflict between countries that is difficult to solve. Our goal in this paper is to arrive at the Pareto-optimal allocation model that maximizes the welfare of Egypt and Ethiopia without causing any significant harm to any of them. The Model that will be developed in this paper follows the same methodology of D. Marc Kilgour and Ariel Dinar which is based on the idea of utilizing the water of the river by transferring it between countries within the river basin. To state differently, it allows the downstream countries that are in need for water to get it from an upstream country by compensating that country for less water available for usage. In this paper, the applicant will try to arrive at a solution to the growing demand of water in the Nile region which resulted in tension among the Sub-Saharan African nations.

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Bread subsidies in Egypt - 01/0

Ahmed Abdel Razak Ahmed Salama

01/01/2012

Abstract The topic of baladi bread subsidies is of great interest to the Egyptian people. About 80% of Egyptian people consume baladi bread. The food subsidy guarantees the supply of basic food to the poor. Subsidies protect the welfare of the poor and the economically disadvantaged. Consumer benefits from food subsidies are highest for baladi bread. Food subsidy programs are facing more criticism in developing countries because of their large contribution to government budget deficits. The cost of food subsidies reached about 1.8 % of the GDP in Egypt in 2008. Leakages in the baladi bread subsidy system are substantial. Baladi bread leakages at the national level were about 41 percent of the total supply in 2004/05. The higher the leakage is, the higher the cost of delivering subsides. There is a complete lack of targeting in the system. The system allows all customers to enjoy the benefits and there is minimal supervision to ensure that the bread reaches the poor. This research focuses on the targeting of baladi bread to the intended customers and explores the policy options in this regard. It derives the income elasticities of baladi bread for three income groups: high income, medium income, and low income. The study clearly illustrates that baladi bread is an inferior good for high-income families. The research also derives the demand function for the group of bread and cereals based on 2008/09 CAPMAS survey. The study reveals that poverty has almost no weight in deciding on the allocation of bread subsidies to different governorates. Field studies suggest that poor people prefer in- kind subsidies to cash subsidies because they do not trust the government.

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Awards

Award Donor Date
N/A - 2012
التميز الاكاديمي في البحث جامعه الطائف - المملكه العربيه السعوديه 2012

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