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Azza Mohamed Hegazy Shehata

Basic information

Name : Azza Mohamed Hegazy Shehata
Title:
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Education

Certificate Major University Year
PhD Economics Faculty of Commerce & Business Administration, Helwan University 2005
Masters Economics Faculty of Commerce & Business Administration, Helwan University 2000
Bachelor Economics Faculty of Economics & Political Science, Cairo University 1993

Teaching Experience

Name of Organization Position From Date To Date
Faculty of Business & Economics (Eng Sec). Dept of Finance & Investment, Misr University for Science & Technology Associate Professor (part-time) 01/06/2010 21/05/2014
Economics Dept, Faculty of Commerce& Business Administration, Helwan University Associate Professor (part-time) of Economics & Foreign Trade 01/06/2010 21/05/2014
Dept of Economics & Foreign Trade, Faculty of Commerce & Business Administration, Helwan University Lecturer 01/07/2005 01/06/2010
Dept of Economics & Foreign Trade, Faculty of Commerce & Business Administration, Helwan University Teaching Assistant 01/06/2000 01/06/2005
Dept of Economics & Foreign Trade, Faculty of Commerce & Business Administration, Helwan University Administrator 01/07/1994 01/04/2000

Researches /Publications

Leading Sectors For Economic Development in Light of Recession in Egyptian Economy - 01/0

Azza Mohamed Hegazy Shehata

01/01/2010

The recession of economic activity in Egypt since 2008/2009 has a negative impact on performance of the indicators and levels of development. The growth rate of GDP declined to 4.7% in 2008/2009, and employment opportunities decreased to 600 thousand jobs only, and the unemployment rates raised to around 9.4%, which impacted negatively on the achievement of goals for economic development in accordance to the Sixth Development Plan (2007/2008-2009/2010). As the target was to increase the growth rate of GDP by nearly 8% annually and provide about 750 thousand jobs annually, and reduce the unemployment rate to 5.5% by the end-year plan. There are various methods that can be applied by the decision maker to achieve the planned objectives in the Sixth Five-Year Plan and to recover from the recession that hit the Egyptian economy. One of these methods is to identify the leader sectors that are capable to achieve the goals of economic development, and draw policies for developing them to be the engine driving the growth of other sectors of the economy. The study was an attempt to identify the leader sectors for development, in accordance to technical interrelation index and preferences of the decision maker. Within this framework, the tables of input - output of 2006 / 07 have been used to identify the sectors that have advantages of strong interrelation and the ability to double its production and absorption of labor. The study had shown that the food industries, spinning and weaving sectors are characterized by the ability to absorb employment and doubling of production. Therefore, their structure have been studied and compared relatively with other manufacturing industries. Moreover, some of the problems that they suffer from have been identified . Some suggestions have been presented to develop these sectors.

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Characteristics of Economic Fluctuations in Egypt - 01/0

Azza Mohamed Hegazy Shehata

01/01/2010

Studying the characteristics of economic fluctuations in Egypt is considered to be of great significance, especially after the economy began to be affected by the current global economic crisis. The study presented the characteristics of economic fluctuations and their relation to some economic variables within the framework of economic models and applied studies conducted in this regard. It was ended with studying the characteristics of economic fluctuations in Egypt during the period 1974-2007 in accordance to the methodology used in this area. The methodology consisted of identifying the stability of the time series for the variables under study, using Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF). And applying Hodrick and Prescott Filter (HP Filter) to have the trend of the time series of the variables under study. And deducting the trend from the data to have the fluctuating part. After that the characteristics of the fluctuated part has been studied through its volatility (measuring the standard deviation) and its persistence (the application of First-order Autocorrelation), and its comovement, and if being leading or lagged or or coincident with the level of economic activity (measuring Cross-Correlation) and finally the use of Granger-Causality Test to identify the direction of causality between economic variables under study and the level of economic activity in Egypt. The results of the study were to identify the variables that policy maker can stimulate them in order to stimulate economic activity in Egypt. These variables are the gross consumption expenditure, gross investment expenditure and gross government expenditure, and the variables associated with the production which are employment and labor productivity. The economic policy maker has to choose the right tool to get out of recession, according to the speed of response of the tool used and the costs associated with using this tool.

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The Effect of Economic Recession on Poverty With Special Remark To Egypt - 01/0

Azza Mohamed Hegazy Shehata

01/01/2009

One hundred eighty-seven countries have agreed in the Third Millennium Summit in 2000 at United Nations Headquarters on several objectives to raise the standard of living world, including reducing the rate of extreme poverty in 2015 to half of what it was in 1990. Despite the progress of many countries to achieve this goal, but the economic recession that hit the world has cast doubt on the possibility of achieving this objective as agreed upon. Thus, the hypothesis of the study aimed to be tested is the presence of significant impact of economic recession on poverty. Since most of the economic theory and applied studies, agreed that poverty was affected by both economic growth and the pattern of income distribution, so these variables have been taken into account when testing the hypothesis of the study. And compile time-series data section of 26 developing countries during the period 1990-2007 to study the impact of economic recession (was expressed in a high rate of unemployment), economic growth (was expressed in the growth rate of GDP), the pattern of income distribution (was expressed by Gini coefficient) on the rate of poverty (percentage of the population living at the finish line in the income of 1.25 dollars a day), was confirmed validity of the hypothesis of the study through applying the method of Ordinary Least Squares Robust Clusters. The results showed that the economic recession has significant positive impact on poverty, and the economic growth has significant negative impact on poverty and Income distribution has significant positive impact on poverty. After testing the significance of the variables on some developing countries, I have studied the evolution of these variables and their relationship to the evolution of the poverty rate in the Egyptian economy during the period 1990/91-2004/05. The analysis showed an inverse relation between the rate of growth of gross domestic product and poverty rate, and positive relation between the economic recession (was expressed in the unemployment rate) and the rate of poverty. But the pattern of income distribution did not have a specific direction on the poverty rate. This was explained by the fact that poverty changes due to the impact of growth and the impact of the distribution. Results from the previous analysis was true when testing the relation between growth rate of output, and the rate of unemployment, and poverty during the period 2004/05-2007/08, while the data for Gini coefficient was not available during this period. Consequently, it was expected the increase of poverty under the economic recession due to the increasing of unemployment rate and the decreasing of growth rate in the Egyptian economy in 2008/09. Therefore, the goal of poverty reduction at target rates is questionable under the existence of economic recession. The results of measurement guide us for how to reduce poverty in developing countries, including Egypt. This can be achieved through increasing the growth rate, and stimulating the level of economic activity, and work to improve income distribution. However, it is difficult for developing countries to reduce poverty through economic recovery and higher growth rates in the short run. This is due to the roughness of the current economic recession. Developing countries can follow some policies that has a quick impact on raising the standard of living of the poor, and reducing inequality in income distribution. These polices include transfer financial assistance and subsidies to the poor category.

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"The global economic crisis and its effects on the sectors of the national economy" - 01/0

Azza Mohamed Hegazy Shehata

01/01/2009

Presented a paper entitled "The leading sectors for the development of the Egyptian economy in light of the economic recession."

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Topics In Foreign Trade and Economics - 01/0

Azza Mohamed Hegazy Shehata

01/01/2009

The book covers main ideas pertaining with Trade, such as Exchange rates, Tariffs, Absolute and Comparative Advantage, Trade Agreements, and the impact of Trade on Economics.

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