The Middle East and the Arab World went through dramatic changes since 1914, the outset of the 1st World War. Nation-States have been established, borders have been demarcated, sources of wealth have been discovered, revolutions took place and the relative power of political and social groups have changed. In the last two decades alone, drastic changes took place in the whole Middle East and the Arab World such as the American invasion of Iraq in 2003, the collapse of authoritarian regimes in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia among others since 2011, the collapse of the totalitarian theological regime in Egypt in 2013, the division of Yemen into 6 regions, the civil war in Syria and the emergence of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS). The Arab-Israeli conflict, a protracted social conflict, still unresolved. There are potentials for two very new wars in the region, on one hand, an ethnic/sectarian one between the Arabs and the Kurds, between Shiites and Sunnis, and war over scarce water.